GAN-based generation of realistic 3D data: A systematic review and taxonomy


Data has become the most valuable resource in today’s world. With the massive proliferation of data-driven algorithms, such as deep learning-based approaches, the availability of data is of great interest. In this context, high-quality training, validation and testing datasets are particularly needed. Volumetric data is a very important resource in medicine, as it ranges from disease diagnoses to therapy monitoring. When the dataset is sufficient, models can be trained to help doctors with these tasks. Unfortunately, there are scenarios and applications where large amounts of data is unavailable. For example, in the medical field, rare diseases and privacy issues can lead to restricted data availability. In non-medical fields, the high cost of obtaining a sufficient amount of high-quality data can also be a concern. A solution to these problems can be the generation of synthetic data to perform data augmentation in combination with other more traditional methods of data augmentation. Therefore, most of the publications on 3D Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) are within the medical domain. The existence of mechanisms to generate realistic synthetic data is a good asset to overcome this challenge, especially in healthcare, as the data must be of good quality and close to reality, i.e. realistic, and without privacy issues. In this review, we provide a summary of works that generate realistic 3D synthetic data using GANs. We therefore outline GAN-based methods in these areas with common architectures, advantages and disadvantages. We present a novel taxonomy, evaluations, challenges and research opportunities to provide a holistic overview of the current state of GANs in medicine and other fields.

Jan Egger
Jan Egger
Team Lead AI-guided Therapies